As the demand in offshore wind turbines increases so too does the demand for materials and manufacturing. One of the largest and most demanding (at least in terms of the volume of required material) components to manufacture is the tower. However, prior studies have shown that the majority of CO2 emissions produced by offshore wind occur during manufacturing and a general breakdown of the embedded carbons per asset has been produced.
This literature review will examine the current state-of-the-art materials that are used in the towers, alternative materials, alternative structures and improved manufacturing processes. This is to identify areas of potential interest for future development.Download